The treaty also drastically reshaped Eastern Europe. It severely limited the German armed forces by restricting the size of the army to , and disallowing a navy or air force. The navy was sailed to Scapa Flow under the terms of surrender but was later scuttled as a reaction to the treaty. The war in the trenches of the Western Front left tens of thousands of maimed soldiers and war widows.
The unprecedented loss of life had a lasting effect on popular attitudes toward war, resulting later in an Allied reluctance to pursue an aggressive policy toward Adolf Hitler. Germany in was bankrupt, the people living in a state of semi-starvation and having no commerce with the remainder of the world. The Allies occupied the Rhine cities of Cologne, Koblenz and Mainz, with restoration dependent on payment of reparations. France lost more casualties relative to its population than any other great power and the industrial north-east of the country was devastated by the war.
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The provinces overrun by Germany had produced 40 percent of French coal and 58 percent of its steel output. To prevent similar German attacks in the future, France later built a massive series of fortifications along the German border known as the Maginot Line. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main theatre of war during the First World War. Allied Powers :. United Kingdom.
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United States From Portugal From Russia From Italy From Siam From Pershing Albert I of Belgium. Civilian dead: , [c]. Western Front.
Theatres of World War I. Main article: First Battle of the Marne. Main article: First Battle of Ypres. Main article: Trench warfare. Main article: Chemical weapons in World War I. Main article: Aviation in World War I.
Main article: Battle of Verdun. Main article: Battle of the Somme. Main article: Hindenburg Line. Main articles: Battle of Arras and Nivelle Offensive. Main article: Battle of Cambrai. German tank in Roye , 21 March Main article: Spring Offensive. Main article: Aftermath of World War I. Main article: Casualties of World War I. See also: French war planning — Appendix F additionally breaks down the German killed figures per the Reichsarchiv as: , killed in action; , died of wounds; , missing reclassified as dead. Retrieved 6 March Adamthwaite, Anthony P.
The Making of the Second World War. London: Routledge. Alexander, Martin S. Cambridge University Press. Ayres, L. Retrieved 4 March Bailey, Jonathan B. Field Artillery and Firepower. Baldwin, Hanson London: Hutchinson. Cabanes Bruno. August France, the Great War, and a Month That Changed the World Forever argues that the extremely high casualty rate in very first month of fighting permanently transformed France.
McGill-Queen's University Press. Bostyn, Franky Fields of Battle: Terrain in Military History. Campbell, Christopher Aces and Aircraft of World War I. Dorset: Blandford Press. Carlyon, Les The Great War. London: Cambridge University Press. Churchill, W. The World Crisis. London: Thornton Butterworth.bbmpay.veritrans.co.id/villar-de-rena-conocer-gente-separada.php
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Cockfield, Jamie H. Corkerry, S. Milton Keynes: Military Press. Dockrill, Michael L. Doughty, R. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press. Edmonds, J. Messines and Third Ypres Passchendaele. London: Macmillan. Ekins, Ashley Ellis, John The World War I Databook. London: Aurum Press.
The Race to the Sea
Foley, R. Cambridge: CUP. Fuller, John F. New York: Da Capo Press. Granatstein, Jack; Morton, Desmond Canada and the Two World Wars. Toronto: Key Porter. Grebler, L. Economic and Social History of the World War. Gray, Randal Chronicle of the First World War: — Griffith, Paddy Fortifications of the Western Front — Oxford: Osprey.
New Haven: Yale University Press. Griffiths, William R. Griess, Thomas E. Wayne, NJ: Avery. Square One. Hamilton, Richard F. The Origins of World War I.
Not on the Western Front
Hart, Peter Bloody April: Slaughter in the Skies over Arras, Hartesveldt, Fred R. Bibliographies of Battles and Leader. Hersch, L. The International Review of Statistics. Herwig, Holger H. London: St. Martin's Press. Herwig, Holger In Wilson, Keith ed. Forging the Collective Memory. Berghahn Books. Horne, John N. German Atrocities, A History of Denial. Hosch, William, ed. New York: Britannica Educational. Hull, Isabel V. Jackson, J.